Chapter 6: Unduly Excited Fear Reflexes

1. In what type of person does the process of reasoning tend to develop more quickly and reach a higher standard?

2. According to Alexander, what represents an unbalanced use of the process of inhibition?

3. What does this unbalanced use tend to produce?

4. In what condition does the child start school? Why?

5. What is another factor in the cultivation of psycho-physical defects and abnormalities in the child?

6. What are three retarding influences in all human development?

7. Why do they need our serious attention?

8. What allows the continued development of retarding factors?

9. What are a striking feature in a majority of adults who try to carry out new instructions correctly?

10. What is the stimulus to the misdirected activities observed when a pupil attempts to do a task (including “mental” tasks)?

11. Why does the teacher of re-education not demand that a pupil do a thing correctly?

12. In what way is a pupil held within the vicious circle of old habits?

13. What is the pupil’s only chance of success?

14. What does every unsuccessful “try” do?

15. What becomes one in the pupil’s recognition when failing to do what the teacher demands?

16. What does a teacher operating on a conscious plane do instead of expecting a pupil to perform correctly? What does such a teacher ask of pupils?

17. What process will ensure that a pupil’s experiences will be satisfactory? What effect will this type of experience have on the development of the pupil’s confidence and non-development of fear reflexes?

18. What is the cause of an athlete missing a shot which is normally easily made?

19. What is the teaching method and process of learning that leads to disappointment and the development of fear reflexes and serious emotional disturbances?

20. What is likely to bring about a recurrence of the same disturbed psycho-physical condition as the pupil experienced in learning a particular task?

21. Why do athletes experience difficulty getting back on their game once something has put them off it?

22. What is the only reasonable possibility of an athlete attaining a successful performance?

23. What is the indispensable preliminary to success?

24. What is the only way an athlete can be sure of repeating success?

25. What principles must be observed if individuals are to reach that stage of progress where they can be reasonably certain of success in achieving their ends?

26. What does the application of these principles mean that the teacher must do during lessons?

27. Upon what will an individual rely when a plane of conscious activity has been reached?

28. What reinforces a person’s confidence in proceeding to their end following a reasoned means whereby?

29. What does confidence in the reliability of sensory appreciation ensure?

30. What is the consciousness that has been developed during the process of re-education and co-ordination?

31. What does this state of awareness enable a person to do?

32. What is the first need of the imperfectly co-ordinated child?

33. What makes for the conditions essential to the fullest development of the child’s latent possibilities?

34. What is Alexander’s opinion about deliberately inducing in people a condition of lowered control?

35. What, according to Alexander, is the etiology of madness?

36. What is the long lasting effect of a “temporary” incursion into an
uncontrolled state?

37. What significance do temporary incursions into uncontrolled states by large numbers of people have for the world in general?

38. What is the beginning of the formation of what we call a habit?

39. What does the indulgence of one bad habit tend to produce?

40. What is the only way the human creature can exercise control in the different spheres of activity in civilization?

41. What effect will discipline or other outside influence have on people who lack satisfactory control?

42. What does the process of re-education on a general basis demand?

43. What will be the result of the continued use of these processes of reasoning?

44. What is always the impeding factor in a return to health as exemplified in Alexander’s illustration? Why?

45. How does indulgence become the rule rather than the exception in a person who is badly co-ordinated?

46. In what way does a person become gradually dominated by that sensory debauchery which results from excessive alcoholic and other indulgence?

47. Which conditions are among the most potent stimuli which make for a repetition of excesses at more and more frequent intervals?

48. What reveals the degree to which egotism may be developed in the human creature?

49. What might have happened had our alcoholic subject consciously attempted to search out the correct premises from which to make deductions (assuming his effort had been attended with success)?

50. What is the all important factor in the matter of the breaking of habit? Why?

51. Why is “will power” not effective in the breaking of habit?

52. Where lies the only hope of salvation? Why?

53. With what are abuse and excess always associated?

54. To what should our energies be applied with regard to breaking the cycle of abuse and excess? Why?

Thought Questions

1. Can a person with reliable sensory appreciation ever fail at a task they set out to do, or fail to learn a skill they decide to learn?

2. Alexander talks about the principle of reasoning out on a general basis the means whereby we shall command our ends implying a common sense procedure (p. 223). In what way does this imply using common sense?

3. Alexander writes (p. 225) about a person becoming gradually “dominated by that sensory debauchery which results from excessive alcoholic and other indulgence,” and one can infer that this happened in the first place because the person’s “sensory appreciation was unreliable and perverted.” What is the place in this model for genetics predisposing one to a condition or perhaps causing a condition? Alexander frequently cites abuse of alcohol as an example of debauched kinesthesia. Recent studies indicate that genetic factors may play a larger role in alcoholism than previously suspected. Does this mean that a person with reliable sensory appreciation could become addicted to a substance like alcohol and not realize the process is occurring?